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Oral Surgery

Oral Surgery

When we talk about oral surgery, we refer to all surgical procedures that are applied in and around the mouth and jaw. These procedures are performed by specialists who are fully trained to apply the required procedure.

How many types of oral surgeries are there?

The types of surgeries that can be performed in the mouth area are varied, ranging from tooth removal to root canal treatments. There are certain surgeries that involve the repositioning of the jaw. Others can treat conditions such as tumors. These procedures are performed by different specialists such as the dentist, endodontist, prosthodontist or periodontist.

What are the most common types of oral surgery?

The most common types of surgeries to treat teeth and jaws are:

Dental surgery for dental implants.

This is an effective treatment for people with missing teeth.  Thanks to this type of procedure, patients can recover chewing function, improve the aesthetics and phonetics of their smile. This produces an increase in people’s confidence and improves their quality of life.

It is one of the fastest procedures to apply and one of the most effective ways when it comes to dental implants. It consists of screwing the dental piece in the same intervention.

It is performed by sedating the treated area so that the patient does not feel any discomfort at the time of surgery and remains relaxed during the procedure.

Dental surgery on the gums.

The consequences of an advanced periodontal disease is the application of a surgical intervention. This is due to an infection produced in the root of the tooth, which causes it to loosen and produce discomfort in the person. The surgical procedures for this type of problem are the gingival flap, gingivectomy and gingivoplasty.

 Bone graft surgery.

This procedure requires a doctor specialized in maxillofacial operations. The objective of this is to help regenerate lost bone and for this procedure it is necessary in some cases, the placement of implants, among other treatments.

Wisdom teeth surgery.

This is undoubtedly one of the most common and usual procedures that can be performed. This occurs because the appearance of these teeth is usually in very complicated areas and in most patients this causes a lot of pain. For this reason, many patients opt to have these molars removed.

Maxillary sinus lift surgery.

It is a surgery focused on recovering the bone height that is lost in a specific area. For this procedure there are several techniques, depending on the bone height that exists, either with a bone graft or without it. This will be decided by the surgeon in charge of the procedure.

Periapical surgeries.

It is known as apicoectomy, it is a surgical process that consists of eliminating infections that affect the root of a tooth and other adjacent tissues. Generally this type of intervention is applied when other procedures have not been successful and can not access the end of the root, when there are false leads or when some of these are fractured.

When do I need oral surgery?

Surgical intervention is required when procedures to treat dental and jaw conditions require more expertise than a general dentist can offer.  If, for example, you have impacted wisdom teeth, it is quite likely that you will need to be seen by an oral surgeon so that they can be removed. If, on the other hand, your condition is located in the gum area, you may need a gum graft. Depending on the diagnosis, you will probably be referred to a periodontist, who usually takes care of these types of complications.

In the event that you actually need any of these procedures, your trusted doctor will let you know and refer you to the appropriate professional.

How do I prepare for oral surgery?

The procedure for this type of surgery is similar to any other major medical procedure, considering the type of surgery. For this reason, it is important that you follow the instructions recommended by your dentist.


It is important that your home or the place where you are staying is tidy and totally clean, so that once you return from the procedure, you can be comfortable during the days of recovery.


Considering that you will need to rest, keeping your bed well prepared will be the ideal conditions for you to rest fully. Remember that in order to achieve a speedy recovery, it is necessary to be calm.


You must follow the instructions recommended by the surgeon. One of the most common recommendations is not to eat or drink for 8 to 10 hours before having this type of oral procedure.


Hire a transportation service to facilitate your transportation home. Or if you have a family member, he/she should be attentive so that once the procedure is over and you must return, he/she can help you. You must know what type of anesthesia will be applied, so you should talk to your surgeon, this is because some types of anesthesia inhibit the ability to drive. Depending on the type of procedure you will be treated for, the anesthesia may be local or topical. If you have a large amount of anesthesia, you will likely need transportation.

What are some of the most important aspects of recovery from oral surgery?

Proper recovery after oral surgery is important when it comes to achieving goals already set with your dentist. That is why you should not smoke or consume alcoholic beverages after surgery. This is because it could hinder the recovery process and delay recovery. If during this stage you feel pain due to swelling, you can apply ice to reduce it. Rinse your mouth with salt and water several times a day to kill bacteria. Avoid brushing your teeth.

You must be patient, depending on the type of surgery that was performed, it is possible that the time for recovery is 48 hours or even a month. You should follow up with your dentist.

What can I eat after oral surgery?

The recommendations when it comes to eating after this type of procedure are to eat soft foods at room temperature. It is not recommended to use sherbets, eat crunchy or chewy foods, or hard foods. 

Broths are a good food for these processes. It is very possible that you should consume a lot of liquid. The porridges, as soft food, are also recommended. You can eat fruits, as long as they are very soft and do not present any inconvenience, avoid those that leave residues between the teeth.

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Oral Surgery

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